Sunday, May 2, 2021

History of CERN

CERN is a French word stands for Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Council for Nuclear Research). CERN is one of the world’s leading research centers for fundamental physics, and its biggest impact is due to great scientific discoveries.

The idea of physics laboratory was first voiced publicly in a message from the French physicist Louis de Broglie to the European Cultural Conference in Lausanne in December 1949.

His message to the European Cultural Conference in Lausanne in 1949 called for the establishment of a Laboratory where European States could collaborate in research beyond the means of individual nations.

Established in 1954, the organization is based in a northwest suburb of Geneva, the mission of the Organization is to: provide a unique range of particle accelerator facilities that enable research at the forefront of human knowledge, perform world-class research in fundamental physics.

In 1957, first accelerator, the Synchro-cyclotron begins operation. Proton Synchrotron begins operation in 1959.

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) story began in 1976 when the European particle physics community began to discuss building a Large Electron Positron (LEP) collider at CERN. LEP was, of course, eventually built and installed in a 27 km tunnel, which today houses the LHC. It was built for the purpose of providing an experimental verification of different theories within particle physics and high-energy physics.
History of CERN

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