Tuesday, December 24, 2013

The beginning of Sweden

By the thirteenth millennium BC central Europe had been freed of its cold burden, and the Scandinavian North (Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland) slowly to be uncovered. The climate became warmer, allowing plants and animals to flourish.

By 8000 BC a wide peninsula of land appeared extending northward from the continent.

Around 7700 BC the settlers arrived in larger numbers from the Danish islands in the south via the land bridge to Scandinavia.

The Swedish Iron Age (400 BC-AD1050) is typically divided into Pre-Roman (400 BC-AD50) and Roman (50-400) periods, the Migration Era (400-550), the Vendel Era (550-800) and the Viking Age (800-1050).

Erik Edmundsson Segersall is the first Swedish king and become king in 970. He managed to expand his kingdom, even bringing Denmark under his command.

Erik was king of the Svear form 970 to 995, and also king of the Danes, but only for a year, approximately 992-993.

In 1000, Olof, king of Sweden, had defeated Olav Tryggvarson of Norway in sea battle, successfully defending a kingdom stretching from the arctic to the Skane - Zealand strait.

The Swedish name for Sweden is Sverige and stems from Svea Rike, of the kingdom of the Svear. Modern Sweden started out of the Kalmar Union, (union of the three Scandinavian kingdoms, established in 1389, solemnly confirmed at Kalmar in 1397) and by the unification of the country by King Gustav Vasa in the 16th century.
The beginning of Sweden

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